Shirrte has not powerful authoriy in one millerium
in iran, but during this period, shiiyan can form political thearic
discussians. During Islamic history of Iran, with the rulers of
pertainimy to the sunnite, pditical thearic discussions of shiite have
no worth groth contrast with thinking of Sunnite.
Important factors in growing of political thought of
shiite are: 1- Mysticsim 2- Migratlan 3-0peration of sunnite rulers 4-
The jurists and shiite thealogions
Mjsticsim has a from of millitary and political, in
the eight contury. Mysticsits like millitary soldiers fight irregularly
with their aganst governments.
Shiite mysticists during eight and ninth century
provido the ground of rules of shiite, also go a way after rules of
Migration of politic tribes like shiite scientists
and sayyeds to Iran, leying the ground work of compeletimy of political
thought of shiite, and different politdcal thearies had written
concerning with formation and Survival of shiite rules.
It is important that shiite scientists, which was
from every groups, state their political thearies accardimy to their
juris prudence thearic bases and their thaological thibes. One example
of this subject is the attitude of Esmaiilyan with adversaries and
farmation of Esmaiilite shiite government.
My consideration trom shiite in this thesis is
shiite twelve Imamy (or Imamite or jaiifari). Sunnite rulers becas of
oppressian, sruelty and killiny, due to absorption of Iranian to shiite
groups, and crash of Abbasian government is the import factor of fanlurd
of sunnite policical though and government. Furthermare, growiny and
increasimy of shiite theological and political thought in Iran by
theoligians and shiite famaus hurists, and closed Iranians to the shiits
This thesis include one preface and five chapter and
a result. In the first chapter, we concern about shiite political
thearic tundemental thought.
chapter two explain the formation of shiite history
in the first ten century of Hegira. In the third chapter, we discuss
shiite thea logical and social situation in Iran.
Chapter fourth and fiveth, examine four sirect and
inderect factor which influence the shiite political authority. These
four factor are:
1- Shiite and different groups 2- Migration of
potical tribes (direct factor) 3- Sunnite rulers 4- My sticism and
different ways of it (indirect factor) words key: shiite, Esmaiilite,
Sunnite, Migretion, political authorityt, Mysticsim.